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You must pay a charitable compensation if you miss any fasts during Ramadan. You must pay kaffarah for fasts missed unnecessarily. However, for any fasts missed out of necessity, and that cannot be made up afterwards, fidya (fidyah) must be paid.
Kaffarah is the compensation that you must pay if you deliberately miss or break a fast in the month of Ramadan without a valid reason.
To atone for the missed/intentionally broken fast, you must fast continuously for 60 days. If you are unable to do that, then you have to feed 60 poor people at a rate of $10 per person (the cost of an average meal in Canada). Therefore, this amounts to $600 for each missed/intentionally broken fast.
The amount required to be paid for one missed fast is $600 (60 x $10). Therefore to calculate how much you need to pay, multiply $600 by the number of fasts you have missed or broken intentionally. Give your kaffarah now.
Paying a kaffarah is necessary for breaking a promise/oath. Therefore, for redemption of a broken oath, you must ask Allah SWT for forgiveness, and pay the amount equivalent to feeding 10 people at a rate of $10 per person (the cost of an average meal in Canada). Therefore, the amount to be paid for a broken promise amounts to $100.
Kaffarah is paid if you deliberately miss or break a fast without a valid reason. However, fidya is only paid if you miss a fast but have a valid reason to do so. The amount paid in kaffarah for each missed fast is the equivalent of feeding 60 people. However, when paying fidya, the payment for each missed fast is equivalent to feeding one person.
It must be paid for fasts deliberately missed in Ramadan, however if there is a valid reason, then fidya must be paid. Therefore, this penalty is much higher than that of fidya and should be avoided where possible.
It can be paid at any time throughout the year if an individual has missed any fasts during the holy month of Ramadan unnecessarily. They are required to pay kaffarah which is an obligatory penalty.
To atone for the missed/intentionally broken fast, a person must fast continuously for 60 days. If they are unable to do that, then they have to feed 60 poor people. This amounts to $600 for each missed/intentionally broken fast (at a rate of $10 per person, which is the cost of an average meal in Canada).
Fasting during Ramadan is an obligation on all able Muslims and is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Muslims must pay kaffarah or fidya when missing this fundamental aspects of Islam, with a valid reason or not. Charity, as well as compulsory payments like these, emphasize just what an important aspect of Islam the holy month of Ramadan is.
Kaffarah is a donation that must be paid to feed the poor for not making up fasts missed in Ramadan on time. $600 should be paid for each deliberately missed fast. Donations can be made online.